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The Avery Normal Institute was established in 1865 by the American Missionary Association as a school for Black students in Charleston, South Carolina. Early on, the leaders of this institution determined that it should be a “normal” teacher training school, offering “opportunities for young Black men and women to transition out of bondage and racial oppression through classical education and college preparatory courses.”*

*Avery: the Spirit that Would Not Die: http://ldhi.library.cofc.edu/exhibits/show/avery/averyintro