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A composite photograph of the “radical” members of the South Carolina legislature after 1868. This montage was widely distributed to propagate White supremacist notions of Black intellectual inferiority. The text beneath the images reads:

“These are the photographs of 63 members of the reconstructed South Carolina Legislature, 50 of whom are negroes or mulattoes and 13 White. 22 read and write (8 grammatically), the remainder (41) make their mark with the aid of an amanuensis. Nineteen (19) are tax-payers to an aggregate amount of $146.10, the rest (44) pay no taxes, and the body levies on the White people of the State for $4,000.00.”


Printed on the verso are the last names of the elected officials along with the designation “White” or “colored”.


Courtesy of South Carolina Historical Society