Emanuel AME Church Mother Emmanuel A.M.E Church

110 Calhoun Street, Charleston, SC 29401

Building was reconstructed in 1891

This 1891 church building, replacing an earlier structure built after the Civil War, is home to a congregation that can trace its founding to free people of color and others ca. 1791. The Free African Society built a church near Hanover and Amherst Streets which was burned by whites after the Denmark Vesey slave conspiracy was uncovered, Vesey having been a member of the congregation. Though the church was rebuilt, it was shuttered in 1834, when a state law closed black churches. The congregation, meeting in secret, reconstituted itself in 1865 and built a church on this present site.